Today, hair loss is one of the most common problems. The problem of hair loss stemming from various reasons such as various drugs used, genetic structure, poor or malnutrition results in the weakening of the hair follicles and subsequently complete loss of hair after a certain period of time.
Hair transplantation is the process of removing hair follicles that will not fall for a lifetime from the back area of the neck between the two ears and implanting them into the pores openes in the thinning/bolding area. In other words, it is the process of transplanting some part of the hair of a person in the nape area to the transplantation area. Hair transplantation process varies from person to person. The width of the balding area, the suitability of the nape area where the hair follicles will be extracted, the strength and density of the hair follicles is an important road map in the planning of hair transplant.
The Stages of Hair Transplant
Hair transplantation basically consists of three stages.
The extraction of hair follicles taken from between the two ears designated as the donor area
The opening of the micro-channels in the area where the transplant is planned (in DHI pen technique, this stage is done in combination with the stage of transplanting the collected hair follicles into the planned area)
Placement of the grafts of the collected hair follicles in the planned area.
The Collection of Hair Follicles
Depending on the thickness of a person’s hair follicles, whether the follicles are single or multiple grafts, the puncture tips between 0.7 mm and 1.00 mm are selected and the follicles are extracted from the skin. And so the grafts extracted from the scalp are collected.
Opening Micro-channels in the Transplant Area
After the adequate number of follicular units is harvested for the planned hair restoration, they are kept in a special solution and subsequently the micro channels are opened in the related area. This process is the most important step in determining the success of hair transplantation operation. It is the angle and direction of the channels that is decisive over a natural appearance.
With the implanter used in the DHI method, the extracted grafts are placed with the needles included in it without opening channels and thus the transplantation process is directly initiated.
Transplantation of Hairs to Micro-channels
The process of transplanting the hair into the microchannels is the process of placing the grafts extracted in the first stage of the hair transplantation operation into the microchannels opened in the restoration area. For a natural appearance, the grafts that are planted in the channels opened with a certain angle and slope need to be placed in accordance with the desired angle. At this point, another critical point is to decide on which of the grooved channels the single grafts will be planted in and which of them the multiple grafts will be planted in. The important point to note here is that the single grafts should be transplanted in the front row. With such sensitivity, natural appearance can be achieved more easily.
These three stages are basically the way that a hair transplant is performed.